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ADDICTIONARY is a glossary of useful terms, rather than actual definitions, for those who are either addicted or affected by someone who is. It is anecdotal as well, useful for those who may not understand what their addicted friend or relative is actually experiencing.
Addictionary: A Layperson's Guide to the Terms of Addiction and Recovery Mr. Richard K. Horton Addictionary: A Layperson's Guide to the Terms of Addiction and Recovery offline get purchase mobile online Addictionary: A Layperson's Guide to the Terms of Addiction and Recovery mobile ebook
Thus, in addiction, persons repeatedly attempt to create a “high”--but what they mostly experience is a deeper and deeper “low.” While anyone may “want” to get “high”, those with addiction feel a “need” to use the addictive substance or engage in the addictive behavior in order to try to resolve their dysphoric emotional state or their physiological symptoms of withdrawalAlthough MAT most often refers to an approach for opioid use disorders, it is often recommend for alcohol, nicotine, or other drugs as wellIt is performed using diagnostic tools such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) or the International Classification of Diseases (ICD)Thepower of external cuesto trigger craving and drug use, as well as to increase the frequency of engagement in other potentially addictive behaviors, is also a characteristic of addiction, with the hippocampus being important in memory of previous euphoric or dysphoric experiences, and with the amygdala being important in having motivation concentrate on selecting behaviors associated with these past experiencesAs addiction is a chronic disease, periods of relapse, which may interrupt spans of remission, are a common feature of addictionLicensing A mandatory approval process required by state law through which addiction treatment facilities and individual treatment providers are approved to provide servicesPersistent risk and/or recurrence of relapse, after periods of abstinence, is another fundamental feature of addictionA particularly pathological aspect ofthe waythat persons with addiction pursue substance use or external rewards is that preoccupation with, obsession with and/or pursuit of rewards (e.g., alcohol and other drug use) persist despite the accumulation of adverse consequencesScreening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) An evidence-based practice used to identify and intervene with people who use alcohol or drugs in a risky, harmful, or hazardous ways and may be at risk for or already have a substance problemLike other chronic diseases, addiction often involves cycles of relapse and remissionThe 5 stages include: Pre-contemplation Contemplation Preparation Action Maintenance Substance Abuse Substance abuse refers to a less serious drug or alcohol use disorder in which substance use causes distress and problems
Reward-triggered relapse also is mediated by glutamatergic circuits projecting to the nucleus accumbens from the frontal cortexRehabilitation A term used in reference to changing behaviors of individuals with the disease of addiction to achieve abstinence and encourage other socially acceptable behaviorsSupport services include: Mutual self-help support programs that help individuals manage their health and avoid the recurrence of disease symptoms (e.g., Alcoholics Anonymous, Narcotics Anonymous and other types of 12 Step fellowship, Secular Organizations for Sobriety, SMART Recovery, Women for Sobriety) as well as wellness programs to support health Other needed services to address legal, educational, employment, housing, parenting and child-care issues that may impede disease management Therapeutic Community A highly structured drug-free environment that most often involves longer-term (6 months or more) residential treatment.Chronic disease management is important for minimization of episodes of relapse and their impactCommonly Used Alcohol and Nicotine Products For a list of commonly used alcohol, nicotine and tobacco products, please click hereFrontal lobe morphology, connectivity and functioning are still in the process of maturation during adolescence and young adulthood, and early exposure to substance use is another significant factor in the development of addictionLevels of Care Treatment settings offer varying levels of intensity of servicesAddiction disrupts regions of the brain that are responsible for reward, motivation, learning, judgment and memory 171bf2437f